The Google Doodle for today, November 30 , honors Lotfi Zadeh, the late Azerbaijani American computer scientist who developed the innovative mathematical framework known as "fuzzy logic." On this day in 1964, Zadeh submitted "Fuzzy Sets," the groundbreaking paper that introduced the fuzzy logic concept , which has since been applied to several technologies, from the Japanese subway system to anti-skid algorithms that keep cars safe on the road. Born on February 4, 1921 in Baku, Azerbaijan (which was part of the nascent Soviet Socialist republic) , Zadeh moved to Iran, his father's homeland, with his family when he was 10 years old. He later graduated from the University of Tehran before continuing his education at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology for his graduate studies. The beginnings of the scientist's research took shape during his first 10 years of study and teaching at Columbia University in New York City, where in 1949 he earned his PhD in … [Read more...] about Google Doodle honors Lotfi Zadeh, the late Azerbaijani American scientist
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R odeo Van Bladel started getting that feeling again. The scrawny, balding clerk at window 7 of the California Department of Motor Vehicles ( DMV ) in Santa Rosa had punched Rodeo’s driver’s licence number into a computer, before telling him to wait while he went to check on something. Rodeo had taken two cross-town buses to get in line early for the office’s opening at 8am, an hour-plus commute that would have taken ten minutes by car. He had come hoping that somebody could tell him, finally, when he would be allowed to get back to driving. The delay was a bad sign. The clerk returned with a co-worker, who handed Rodeo a slip of paper with a phone number. Rodeo had to call the Mandatory Actions Unit, she said, a division of the DMV apparently reachable only by phone. The Economist today Handpicked stories, in your inbox A daily newsletter with the best of our journalism Sign up The driver’s-licence debacle had … [Read more...] about He stole a rug and a car. Why did he spend 25 years bouncing between prison and parole?
There are so many good photo books out there, it can sometimes be overwhelming. One of our favorite things throughout the year is to look at new books and talk with photographers about how they come together. Some projects break your heart, some change how you look at the world. Others are just fun. And all of them are beautiful in their own way. Here is a roundup of some of the best photo books from this year. Carlota Guerrero — Tengo un Dragón Dentro del Corazón Carlota Guerrero is both a vision and a visionary — someone who dances herself into a trance to spur on good ideas. The photographer and filmmaker is based in Barcelona, where she rose to stardom after being tapped at age 24 to work with Solange on her album A Seat at the Table in 2016. Since then, she has produced many of her own ethereal images of groups of women. She is warm, she is welcoming, and she has me feeling more acceptance and love for my body as a stranger on a Zoom call than I … [Read more...] about Here Are 24 Photo Books That Brought Us Meaning And Joy In 2021
There’s a very real chance the planet will warm up an average of 3 degrees Celsius (5.4 degrees Fahrenheit) this century — and that would be disastrous. In such a brutally hot world, scientists agree, deadly heat waves, massive wildfires, and damaging downpours will come far more often and hit much harder than they do today. The ocean will be hotter too and more acidic, causing fish declines and likely the end of coral reefs. In fact, a quarter or so of the Earth’s species may go extinct in such conditions or be headed that way. Our coastlines would be reshaped, a consequence of sea levels rising foot after foot, century after century, drowning places like Charleston, South Carolina’s Market Street, downtown Providence, Rhode Island, and the Space Center in Houston. All of this, as climate scientist Daniel Swain of the University of California, Los Angeles, put it, would be bad : “Bad for humans. Bad for ecosystems. Bad for the stability of the Earth systems that we humans … [Read more...] about The World Is On Track To Warm 3 Degrees Celsius This Century. Here’s What That Means.
The U.S. Supreme Court on Wednesday will consider a case that could fundamentally transform abortion rights in America by overturning Roe v. Wade and clearing the way for stringent new restrictions on abortion in roughly half the country. "This is the most important Supreme Court case on abortion since Roe in 1973, and I don't think it's particularly close," said Sherif Girgis, Notre Dame law professor and former clerk to Justice Samuel Alito. The justices will hear arguments in Dobbs v. Jackson Women's Health over a Mississippi law that prohibits termination of pregnancies after 15 weeks. Lower courts have found the ban plainly unconstitutional under the half century of legal precedent since Roe and put it on hold. Fetal viability outside the womb -- around 24 to 26 weeks, according to medical experts -- has been the long-standing line before which states cannot ban abortions. Mississippi is asking the justices to eliminate that standard and allow each state to set … [Read more...] about Roe v. Wade on the line as Supreme Court takes up Mississippi abortion rights case